World Health Organization (WHO) has issued certain guidelines for the world citizens in general keeping in view the COVID-19 pandemic with last updated version of document on their Website on Wednesday, 29 April 2020. A panel of esteemed members from the WHO has highlighted the importance of incorporating human rights based approach in retorting to COVID-19. It offers significant attentions while addressing the stigma, perception and safeguarding of vulnerable populations and also emphasizes on quarantine and restrictive measures and scarcities of supplies and equipment. WHO’s other areas of interest are the human rights responsibilities with regards to global teamwork to address COVID-19.
A few guidelines laid down by the World Health Organisation are as follows:
- Wash your hands often – Washing your hands with soap and water frequently or by rubbing them with an appropriate alcohol-based hand sanitizer can kill the viruses that may be present on your hands. The same result is expected for COVID-19 as well.
- Maintain social distancing – Maintaining a minimum of 1 metre or 3 feet distance between yourself and the person who is sneezing or coughing helps to keep away any infected droplets from his/her nose or mouth from getting into you. When a person coughs or sneezes, the droplets get sprayed for about a meter or so. Hence, staying away helps a great deal.
- Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth – You tend to touch with your hands multiple surfaces without even being aware of it. If your hand has rubbed off a surface contaminated with the virus, you are sure to have picked it up. Now once infected, those very hands can transfer the virus to your eyes, nose or mouth from where it can gain entry into your body making you sick.
- Practice respiratory hygiene – It’s very important that you and the people around you follow decent respiratory hygiene. This means to say that you need to cover your mouth and nose either with your bent elbow while coughing or sneezing in public or you can do so in a tissue and dispose of the used tissue immediately. By doing so, you will be protecting yourself and the others from contagions.
- If you end up with a fever, cough and difficulty in breathing, seek medical care at the earliest – Its best to stay home when not well, but in case of certain symptoms as those mentioned above, it’s better to call up your health care provider so as to be guided rightly. Delaying may aggravate the infection thereby magnifying the chances of worsening your condition and spreading the infection if you are actually infected with COVID-19. Remember the saying ‘A stitch in time saves nine.’
- Keep yourself informed and follow the advice specified by your healthcare provider – Always stay updated on the latest developments regarding COVID-19. National and local authorities are of great help here as they have the latest and up to date information on the spread of COVID-19.
- WHO guidelines for people residing in or having visited (in the past 14 days) the places of COVID-19 spread
Follow the guidelines outlined above.
- Stay at home if you begin to feel unwell with a headache and slightly runny nose until you recover. Evading contact with others and timely visits to medical facilities will allow them to work more effectively and help protect you and others from possible COVID-19 infection.
- If you develop fever, cough and difficulty in breathing, pursue medical advice promptly as this may be due to a respiratory infection or other serious condition. Give the concerned authorities your recent travel history and help them guide you the right way.
The WHO has not only provided written guidelines for Corona Virus disease (COVID 19) for the public but has also come up with rich graphics to be downloaded and shared with family and friends to stay safe.
For full guidelines of WHO, please visit their official Website page Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) advice for the public.